• samuelgagnon04

Hi all. This is supposed to be a space blog and I haven't posted about space yet. I promise the next article I will write will be related to space. Until then, I am very happy to share my favorite Mac and Cheese recipe.

This Mac and Cheese recipe is vegan and is actually better than any Mac and Cheese I have had before. I truly enjoy this recipe, it is filling and won't let anyone starve. It is also one of my favorite meal to introduce vegan cuisine to people who are reluctant to veganism/vegetarianism.


375g of macaroni

Sauce :

1/2 cup of cashews

1 1/2 cups of vegetable broth

1/4 cup of tapioca starch

1/4 cup of vegetable oil

1/4 cup of nutritional yeast

1 tsp of cider vinegar

1 tsp onion powder

1 tsp garlic powder

1 tbsp of maple syrup

1 tsp of salt


  1. Cook pastas according to the instructions provided on the label.

  2. Soak the cashews in hot/boiling water for 15 minutes. Pour water when done.

  3. Blend the ingredients until the mixture is homogene.

  4. Pour the mixture in a pan. Cook until it boils and mix constantly.

  5. Let sit for one minute.

  6. Add the pastas to the mixture. Cook for one more minute to heat the pastas.

  7. Enjoy!

Nutrional yeast?

If you have been vegan for a long time, you probably know what nutrional yeast is. It seems to be an ingredient that is to my knowledge not so widespread and it is worth to be discovered. You might have heard that vegans lack proteins and such things in their alimentation, but nutrional yeast makes it very far from the truth. Indeed, 15 grams of nutrional yeast contains 8 grams of proteins (which is a very high ratio, as beef would only contain 3.5 grams of proteins for the same weight). 15 grams of nutrional yeast also contains 880% of the daily value of Vitamin B12, which is pretty awesome.


Add sriracha and green onions!

All credits for the recipe go to La Cuisine de Jean-Philippe.

  • samuelgagnon04

For my first post on this blog, I did not feel comfortable jumping right into the writing of an article related to planetary science. The subject being still new to me, it just felt easier to talk about a social issue for now. In fact, I am very concerned about the mediocre quality of information that is shared on social medias and the potential impacts that it may have. If the world has witnessed the consequences of lies and misinformation in the United States, its consequences, in Québec, have (hopefully) not made international headlines. Below is brief description of the situation.

Radio X, source of misinformation before it was cool

Donald Trump has definitely made false information cool. Not really, but let's admit that he proved something : lies and partial facts can lead to success. But before misinformation was cool, Radio X, a local radio station based in Québec city, made false information its branding. Radio X is a "talk radio", with conservative political views and affinities with local far-right groups. It has been criticized numerous times over the years for homophobic and racial slurs; for spreading hate towards ecological groups and for its poor quality of information.

It is important to understand the importance of Radio X as a media to portray further the situation of misinformation in Québec. The influence of Radio X as a local radio station is larger than it may seem : internet and social medias have allowed Radio X to access a wider audience.

While traditional medias, such as newspapers and television news adopted a center-left or center-right editorial, Radio X has become "the" niche for extremist opinions. So when Donald Trump and conspiracy theories revolving around him rose on the internet, Radio X was already a fertile ground for these conspiracy theories to rebirth under a new form in Québec.

Alexis Cossette-Trudel, the guru of the gurus

Alexis Cossette-Trudel was a popular figure on Youtube, where he created his own channel : Radio-Québec. He used his platform to promote a variety of conspiracy theories, where he kept repeating that Donald Trump won the US 2020 presidential election, that Joe Biden was a pedophile and a satanist; and other crazy stuff related to the Q-Anon mythology.

Cossette-Trudel was also heavily criticizing public health measures, falsely claiming that they were the result of a totalitarian state. He made numerous false claims about the vaccine, stating that it was a tool of a so-called "New World Order" to control the masses.

His influence among Québec conspiracists was notable, and many other internet figures tried to imitate him. Seeing the relative success of Cossette-Trudel and his ability to gather substantial donations ($) from his viewers, quite a few other personalities rose on internet and tried to launch their own channel.

The consequences of misinformation

Up to now, I can think of two deaths in Québec that have allegedly been caused by misinformation. Indeed, there is the death of a 40 years-old, healthy man, that used to train at the Mega Fitness Gym. The gym made headlines in the last few weeks, because its owner, Dan Marino, was opposing strongly to sanitary measures, believing that the COVID-19 pandemic was a hoax and that the virus did not exist. Marino has been interviewed many times at Radio X, where he invited customers to train at his gym without masks and without proper social distancing, which was of course illegal. A few weeks later, his gym was the site of an important COVID-19 outbreak with 581 confirmed cases. Dan Marino, the owner, has been infected with the coronavirus and has spent more than a week in intensive care. An other customer, Étienne Desrochers-Jean, died after he was infected to the coronavirus, with no prior known health issues, according to his relatives.

An other death that made headlines was Gisèle Beaudoin's, who was a fierce supporter of conspiracy theories. Gisèle Beaudoin had had the chance of getting vaccinated, but she refused the vaccine on behalf of her beliefs. After being infected with the coronavirus, she has spent a few days in intensive care, where she has allegedly regretted not getting vaccinated before passing away.

Where will this lead?

So far, these public personalities that have been spreading false information about the COVID-19 pandemic have been protected by what they call "freedom of speech". I think we have to question ourselves and maybe set boundaries to freedom of speech. The very, very delicate exercice of setting boundaries to freedom of speech may become necessary when the spread of information that goes against established facts endangers the well being of society.

  • samuelgagnon04

I hope you enjoy your visit on my blog. Here is a picture of my cats.